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presentation training Planning your presentation p10

He was one of those orators of whom it was well said, ‘Before they get up they do not know what they are going to say: when they are speaking, they do not know what they are saying; and when they sit down, they do not know what they have said.’

Lloyd George

Preparation
Like actors we are professionals, therefore everyone needs to prepare well to be successful. These steps will enable you to do this.
1. Collection of Information
Think all round the subject, and note down on a large sheet of paper, preferably in pattern form, everything that comes into your head on the subject of your talk. By and large our brains do not work logically; the advantage of a patterned form is that it aids rather than fights the way our brain operates.
2. Selection and Rejection
Ask yourself these five simple questions:

Who are my audience?
How much do they already know?
What do I want to tell them?
Why do I want to tell them?
How much time am I allowed?

3. Clarify your aim
Then reject anything which is irrelevant from you initial notes. Now decide on your headings and subheadings, and put them into logical order. The structure of the talk begins to take shape.

Your headings are signposts for your talk. They are vitally important because this is the spoken, not the written word.

Remember you will not have time to say all you know about the subject. Use only what is relevant and what can be dealt within the time at your disposal. This may very well involve ruthless rejection.

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